Dental Implant Procedure, all you need to know

Short Article, 5 minute read

Dental implantology is a branch of dentistry that aims to insert dental implants, which do nothing else than replacing the root of the tooth and its structure, once it has fallen out or has been extracted.

Dentures and bridges mounted to implants won't slip or shift in your mouth, an especially important benefit when eating and speaking. This secure fit helps the dentures and bridges, as well as individual crowns placed over implants feel more natural.

Modern dental implants have been used successfully for over 30 years. They are the strongest devices available to support replacement teeth. Even better, they allow these new teeth to feel, look and function naturally.

How much does an implant cost in Albania?

The cost of a dental implant is around 300 Euros in Albania. This comes due to much lower taxation rates than in Italy or Europe, and also due to the wages here being lower. This however does not mean that the quality is worse than in Italy, our clinic only uses dental implants manufactured in Switzerland that have a warranty for life.

1. What's a dental implant?

A dental implant is a dental surgery technique, aimed at recreating a missing tooth. Dental implants are metal posts or frames that are surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath your gums. Once in place, they allow your dentist to mount replacement teeth onto them. Because implants fuse to your jawbone, they provide stable support for artificial teeth.

Dental Implant Illustration

2. Preparations before the dental implant procedure.

Because it takes careful planning by the maxillo-facial surgeon before the procedure, there should be some preparations made by the patient first:

  • Dental exam: You may need to have dental X-Rays and 3-D images taken and have models made of your jaw. This step can however be skipped if the teeth where the implant will be placed was removed in a short time before the procedure. The surgeon will inform you regarding your case.
  • Review of your medical history: Tell your doctor about any medical conditions and any medications you take, including prescription and over-the-counter drugs and supplements. If you have certain heart conditions or orthopedic implants, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics before surgery to help prevent infection.
  • Preparations before the surgery: The surgeon will apply a local anaesthetic in the area and begin the procedure.
  • 3. How long does the procedure take?

    The implant procedure by itself is really short (20 minutes) and is less painful than having your tooth removed. The full process involves multiple steps:

  • Jawbone preparation (grafting) if needed
  • Dental implant placement
  • Bone growth and healing
  • Abutment placement
  • Dental crown placement
  • After the brief dental implant procedure, there will be a period of waiting for 3-4 months. During this time the surgical site will heal and new jawbone will grow. Depending on your situation, the specific procedure done or the materials used, certain steps can be combined.

    4. What if your jawbone can't support implants?

    Several techniques can be used to rebuild bone, restore your natural jawline and provide a sturdy foundation for implant-supported teeth. These include:

  • Bone grafting: If your jawbone isn't thick enough or is too soft, you may need bone grafting before you can have dental implant surgery. That's because the powerful chewing action of your mouth exerts great pressure on your bone, and if it can't support the implant, the surgery likely would fail. A bone graft can create a more solid base for the implant.
  • It may take several months for the transplanted bone to grow enough new bone to support a dental implant. In some cases, you may need only minor bone grafting, which can be done at the same time as the implant surgery. The condition of your jawbone determines how you proceed.

  • Sinus lift: Also called sinus augmentation or sinus elevation, this involves adding bone below the sinus in cases where natural bone has deteriorated due to missing upper back teeth.
  • 5. Procedure of the dental implant.

    You can think of implants as artificial tooth root. During surgery to place the dental implant, your oral surgeon makes a cut to open your gum and expose the bone. Holes are drilled into the bone where the dental implant metal post will be placed. Since the post will serve as the tooth root, it's implanted deep into the bone.

    6. Bone growth and healing.

    Once the metal implant post is placed in your jawbone, osseointegration begins. During this process, the jawbone grows into and unites with the surface of the dental implant. This process, which can take several months, helps provide a solid base for your new artificial tooth — just as roots do for your natural teeth.

    When osseointegration is complete, you may need additional surgery to place the abutment — the piece where the crown will eventually attach. The abutment placement can be either done before or after bone grafting. The surgeon can fill you in with more details.

    7. Placing the dental crown.

    Once your gums heal, you'll have more impressions made of your mouth and remaining teeth. These impressions are used to make the crown — your realistic-looking artificial tooth. The crown can't be placed until your jawbone is strong enough to support use of the new tooth.

    8. How to take care of your implant after the procedure?

    After implant treatment avoid rinsing your mouth and try not to disturb the wound with your tongue or fingers for the rest of the day (although this can be tempting). This may cause bleeding by dislodging the blood clot that has formed. Don’t spit, suck on straws or smoke. This can also dislodge blood clots and slow down the healing process.

    You should be cautious of the way you eat in the days after the procedure (until the gum tissue heals itself). Avoid eating spicy, hot foods, as they irritate your gum tissue. It is best to avoid small food like popcorn and seeds that can get stuck in your gums and cause inflamation.

    It's important to stay hydrated the day after the surgery and preferrably have cold drinks. Avoid alcohol and eating until the local anaesthetic has worn off. Generally, you can return back to your usual diet within a week.

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